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March 23, 2009

Chicago trip...

We had a short, but wonderful trip to Chicago...

I wanted to see the Kursk icon, which is in the cathedral of the Holy Virgin Protection cathedral in Des Plaines until April 8th. Here is the beautiful story of this miracle-working icon:

In the late thirteenth century Russia was devastated by the Tartars. Thus the site of the town of Kursk (300 miles south of Moscow) had become a wilderness. Now it happened one afternoon in September 1295 that a man out hunting there noticed an icon lying face down at the root of a tree. Surprised, the hunter picked it up and saw that it was an image of the Mother of God of the Sign. From the place where the icon had been picked up a clear spring of healing water gushed forth. This happened on the 8th September, the Feast of the Birth of the Mother of God.

With the help of friends the hunter built a small chapel and placed the newly-found icon in it. When news of this spread, many came to this chapel to venerate the icon and pray about their sorrows and needs. There the Mother of God healed all who came to Her with faith.A local prince, hearing of the Icon, demanded that it be brought to him. With great solemnity it was carried to the town gates and a huge crowd gathered to greet it. Only the prince was missing, since, lacking faith, he did not consider it necessary to greet the Icon and was struck blind. Acknowledging his wrongdoing, the prince ran out to meet the Icon and publicly confessed his sin. He was healed immediately and promised to build a church in honour of the Birth of the Mother of God, which was done. However, it soon became obvious that it was not the will of the Mother of God that the Icon remain there. Each time it was in the new church, it was miraculously transported back to the now deserted chapel.

As the years passed, veneration of the Kursk Icon of the Mother of God grew. Thus a pious local priest often used to visit the chapel and hold services there, especially on the Feast of the Birth of the Mother of God, the anniversary of the Icon's discovery. In 1385 Tartars again invaded the area. Finding the chapel in the woods where the priest was praying, they tried to set fire to it. Three attempts to burn it down were made, but to no avail. The Tartars were sure that the priest was putting out the fire by some sort of magic. When the priest explained that the reason for their failure was the miraculous power of the Icon, the Tartars took the Icon from the chapel and chopped it in half. One part they threw into bushes nearby, the other they carried a mile deeper into the forest and threw away. Then they proceeded to burn down the chapel and took the priest prisoner.While in captivity, the priest did not lose heart. He resisted the efforts of the Tartars to make him renounce his faith, relying on the prayers of the Mother of God: his prayers were not in vain. Once, while the priest was tending sheep and singing hymns to the Mother of God, a group of Orthodox Christians overheard him and, paying his ransom, they took him home.At the first opportunity the priest began to search for the Icon. To his great joy he found both halves of it close to the site of the burnt chapel. Placing them side by side, he was amazed to see that they immediately grew together, leaving only a fine line where the split had been. He hurried to spread the news and the Icon was triumphantly returned to the church. Yet again it miraculously travelled back to the place of its discovery. This happened several times and it was decided to restore the chapel in the woods, where the Icon remained for some 200 years.
Its fame spread far and wide in Russia and it became known as the 'Kursk Root Icon', as it had been found at the root of a tree. In 1597 it was solemnly brought to Moscow and met by a great multitude. The Icon was placed in a special gilt frame on which were depicted the Lord and the Old Testament prophets, holding scrolls in their hands with prophecies of the future conception and birth of Christ by the Holy Virgin Mary and prefigurations of the Holy Mother of God. Then the Icon was returned to Kursk and a large sum donated for a hermitage to be built on the site of its discovery. This was called the Kursk Root Hermitage. On account of the dangers of renewed Tartar invasions, the Icon was transferred to Kursk. There it remained until 1615. In its absence, in 1611, the Tartars completely destroyed the Hermitage. The Icon was then taken to Moscow for safekeeping. A year later Kursk itself was besieged, this time by Poles. The townsfolk prayed fervently to the Mother of God, vowing to build a monastery in honour of the Miraculous Kursk Icon of the Sign in their city in case of victory. Their prayers were heard, for several townsfolk and captive Poles clearly saw the Mother of God with two radiant monks on top of the town wall. She sternly chased away the besiegers and as a result the siege was lifted. A monastery in honour of the Icon of the Sign was built and the people of Kursk urgently pleaded for the return of the miraculous Icon, for it was still in Moscow. In 1618 the Tsar agreed and also the Kursk Root Hermitage was rebuilt.Many pages of history are associated with the Kursk Icon. Cossacks were blessed by it in 1676. By special decree copies of the miraculous icon accompanied armies and in 1812 people prayed before such an icon during the invasion of Russia by atheist revolutionaries.In 1898 others tried to destroy the Kursk Icon by placing a huge bomb in the Cathedral of the Sign. They wanted the bomb to go off during the Vigil Service, thus killing many. However, the bomb went off during the night instead. Worried monks ran to the church and were shocked at the devastation. The gilded canopy above the icon was destroyed and the marble steps leading up to the Icon smashed. A massive cast iron door was torn off its hinges and thrown outside, where it had cracked an outside wall. All the windows were shattered. Yet, despite this, the Icon was untouched, even the glass in the frame was intact. The anarchists' intent had been to ridicule the Icon, but in fact it was glorified all the more for this double miracle: the Icon had been preserved and no one had been hurt.After the 1917 Revolution the Kursk Icon left Russia, surviving intact, and it accompanied those Orthodox who were fleeing the greatest persecution and martyrdom the world has ever seen, in which millions were slaughtered for their Faith. The Icon was carefully carried from place to place until 1927, when it was placed in Holy Trinity Church in Belgrade in Serbia. During the Second World War Belgrade was bombed mercilessly. Whole quarters of the city were flattened and many were killed. Yet houses visited by the Icon of the Sign were miraculously spared. Air raids occurred during services, yet the Church of the Holy Trinity containing the miraculous Icon of the Mother of God was safer than any air raid shelter. Sister Barbara, a nun from the Orthodox convent in Normandy in France, recounted this example of an amazing occurrence, told her by a Serbian soldier in 1941:"Among us the Kursk Icon is greatly venerated. When this Icon visited our town, a miracle happened and was written down by members of the clergy. A great multitude had come to venerate the Icon. A wealthy man came in his car not to pray before the icon, but simply out of curiosity. Seeing the crowds of people, he laughed and said: 'Such ignorant and uneducated people. They think that a mere piece of painted wood can work miracles!'"He continued on his journey. The road went through the mountains, and was winding and precarious. On a particularly difficult curve, the rich man lost control of his car which slipped off the road and headed towards a precipice. Suddenly, before this faithless person, the image of the Kursk Icon appeared, as if alive. The rich man cried out in despair: 'O Queen of Heaven, save me!'"It seemed as if an invisible hand stopped the car which was about to be thrown over the cliff. The man carefully put the car into reverse and guided it safely back onto the road. He immediately returned to the village where the Icon was, fell down before it and with tears repented of his former unbelief. He placed a large candle before the Icon and began to tell everyone of the miracle which he had experienced."

After the Second World War the icon was taken to Germany, where it remained for five years, comforting the Orthodox flock all over Western Europe, wearied by the tribulations of the War. Then, it was taken to America and the Cathedral of the Mother of God of the Sign was built in New York City, to be the home of the Kursk icon. Many believe that this Cathedral and the area around it were spared in the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, it was because of the presence of the icon there. Today the icon is taken from Orthodox parish to parish all over the world and its fame is international.

We stayed with Rita, whose windowsills are full of geraniums that she will soon plant outdoors. She's an "alto" and so am I...before I had children, I'd sing in the choir, with her when I was in Chicago studying iconography. We soon became friends. She's a great cook, too!
Sunday afternoon, we went to the Kohl's children's museum. I especially loved seeing the baby chicks. I'm adding more photos on my Flickr photostream...

I met up with Presbytera Kathy, at St. John the Baptist, the Greek Orthodox church in Des Plaines! The church itself is lovely, the dome and iconostas icons are mosaics. We had a great time chatting away and I look forward to our next get-together!

My little lilac bush looks like it's going to flower! Rob got this for me 2 years ago and I asked him to plant it outside my bedroom window, so when the windows are open in May, the house will smell beautifully.

8 comments:

Pres. Kathy said...

I had a blast talking too!! You are such a wonderful person. The smell of liclas is just making me feel so peaceful and want summer to come quicker.

DebD said...

how fun to meet up with bloggy friends. Sounds like an all around wonderful trip.

Ohhh, I love lilacs, they are my favorite. I used to have one from my grandmother's garden, but couldn't take it with me when we moved. I haven't had the heart to get another one (its been 16 years). Perhaps I should change that someday soon.

Emily R. said...

Your friends house looks adorable :D Love how the light comes through her window!

Lilacs!My favorite!There are not too many lilac bushes around Cincinnati, but I have been lucky enough that the last two places that I've live actually had a bush in the front! Yay! It reminds me of my childhood in Vermont. We had a giant lilac bush in the front and every May we would bring the beautiful flowers inside.

Ha! The Red Balloon! Yup! I remember watching it quite a few times in school. Speaking of movies in school, Did you ever watch Molly's Pilgrim? Oh...I loved that little film strip that we would watch every year around thanksgiving!

Have a lovely day :D

Molly Sabourin said...

What a beautiful story, Marfa! Thank you for taking the time to share it!!

Mimi said...

Oh my goodness, what an amazing trip! I'm jealous that you got to meet Presbytera Kathy, and to be blessed to venerate the icon.

Meadowlark Days said...

How fortunate that you were able to see this icon! And meet Pres.!

Kim said...

What a lovely read. Thanks for sharing it. It is great being able to meet up with blogging buddies, isn't it! I was able to do it a little while back too, it was great to be able to chat face to face.

Chrispea said...

Hi Martha, your lilacs look about like mine. I bought 3 bushes about 5 years ago. 2 of the 3 bloomed right away, but the one I planted up front took 2 years before it bloomed. I love opening my window in spring when they are in bloom. The smell is just glorious.

Looks like you had a wonderful trip.